- Anterior vitrectomy is the removal of the front portion of vitreous tissue. It is used for preventing ortreating vitreous loss during cataract or corneal surgery, or to remove misplaced vitreous in conditions such as aphakia pupillary block glaucoma.
- Pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), is a procedure to remove vitreous opacities and membranes through a pars plana incision. It is frequently combined with other intraocular procedures for the treatment of giant retinal tears, tractional retinal detachments, and posterior vitreous detachments.
Pan retinal photocoagulation (PRP)is a type of photocoagulation therapy used in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy.
Retinal detachment repair
- A scleral buckle is used in the repair of a retinal detachment to indent or “buckle” the sclera inward, usually by sewing a piece of preserved sclera or silicone rubber to its surface.
- Laser photocoagulation, or photocoagulation therapy, is the use of a laser to seal a retinal tear.
- Retinal cryopexy, or retinal cryotherapy, is a procedure that uses intense cold to induce a chorioretinal scar and to destroy retinal or choroidal tissue.
Pneumatic retinopexy uses a bubble of gas to push the retina against the wall of the eye, allowing fluid to be pumped out from beneath the retina.
Macular hole repair – see macular hole
Posterior sclerotomy is an opening made into the vitreous through the sclera, as for detached retina or the removal of a foreign body